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Japanese Society for the Rorschach and Projective Methods

I. Presidential Greeting
II. History
III. Founding Prospectus
IV. The Constitution of the JSRPM

I. Presidential Greeting

I am Miyako Morita, and I am honored to continue to serve as the President of the Japanese Society for the Rorschach and Projective Methods (JSRPM) since April 2012.

Contemporary psychology often describes the Rorschach as being in danger. However, I disagree with this contention. There are many professionals who are enchanted by the Rorschach method. We practice the Rorschach, believing in its value for clinical and basic research to promote understanding about human beings. Rorschach research and clinical applications have provided us with much knowledge, and we believe that the field offers a potential for further expansion. However, in order to achieve this expansion, we need to communicate our findings. Therefore, we welcome our members to share their clinical applications and research results at our conferences and in our journal to encourage active discussions on topics related to the Rorschach. We believe that one of the historical missions of the JSRPM is to pass down the exciting and practical nature of the Rorschach to younger researchers and clinicians, and to draw their attention and interest.

The new structure of the JSRPM is described on our Website. New officials have taken up positions in addition to their regular duties. Moreover, we have moved to a new office and the process of outsourcing some of our work is time consuming. We apologize in advance for any inconvenience that might have occurred as a result of these changes. We highly appreciate your understanding in this regard.

April 2015
Miyako Morita

II. History

The JSRPM was founded on November 29, 1997. A brief history of the establishment of the society is presented below.

Prior to 1997, there were regional groups of researchers that deliberated the Rorschach method all over the country, and even today each group continues to be actively engaged in research. Although moves to form an institute dedicated to the Rorschach and other projective methods had been considered on several occasions in the past, it did not materialize for various reasons. In meetings after the 31st issue of the Rorschachiana Japonica, however, the editorial staff reflected on interactions between Rorschach practitioners. As a result, the promotion of Rorschach research was considered to be crucial. Furthermore, an extensive editorial board meeting of the journal was held, along with “the Rorschach symposium ’95,” hosted by the Nagoya research group in Japan, which deliberated the establishment of “The Rorschach Association” (a tentative name) and the direction of international and nationwide interactions. The topics that were discussed were as follows:

1. The regional research groups need a place for exchanging information
2. The International Society of the Rorschach and Projective Method, an international organization, host international conferences once every three years. Researchers from other countries attending these conferences have shown an interest in Rorschach research conducted in Japan. However, there was no nationwide institute to organize and serve this purpose.
3. Building the foundation for edition and issuing the Journal of the Japanese Society for the Rorschach and Projective Methods, was deliberated so that the journal would be sustained in the future, to serve as a national communication forum.
4. There were no public organizations, or agencies to ethically monitor the circulation and the sale of Rorschach pictures, or misuses of the test.
5. There was no group of professionals that could provide expert advises about the education and clinical standards for the Rorschach.

The rigorous discussions in the extensive editorial board meeting resulted in the formation of a working group to work on the details for establishing the society. The members of the working group were nominated from regional research groups. Furthermore, a preparatory committee was formed consisting of the current and previous editorial staff of the Rorschachiana Japonica, who were the original proposers. On February 4, 1996, the eight nominees of the working group held a meeting at Chukyo University, and they discussed the rules, the membership fees, and aspects of the bulletin. Later in that February, they provided the draft to the editorial board, and the board soon suggested the draft to other editors, and at the same time, they were requested to recommend the founders. Along with their valuable opinions, a total of 74 founders were nominated. A preparatory committee developed rules based on the opinions that were collected, and the founding prospectus was created. Then, a nationwide call for membership began on September 1st in 1996. Please see the founding prospectus (separate section).

The preparatory committee meeting was held on February 11, 1997, to establish the structure of the society. The committee selected delegates and auditors from the nominated founders in accordance with the custom of other institutes. A total of 22 delegates and auditors were selected, and all of them accepted the offer. A vote was held by mail sent on April 10th, 1997, and the ballots were collected with the end of the April being the closing date. The president and four executive directors were elected from among the 20 selected delegates, by this vote.

The foundation of the JSRPM and the first general meeting were held simultaneously in Kanazawa, Japan, in place of “the Rorschach symposium ‘97” that was hosted by the research group in Kanazawa.

(Editor Toshiki Ogawa)

III. Founding Prospectus

We are announcing the establishment of the “Japanese Society for the Rorschach and Projective Methods” for the further development of the Rorschach. We hereby explain our mission and call for members.

Ever since the Rorschach method was first introduced in Japan by Yuzaburo Uchida in 1930 in the journal Kyouikushinrigaku-Kenkyu (Educational Psychology), the Rorschach has been widely utilized in clinical psychology as an assessment technique. Even now, it is a popular assessment tool used by Japanese clinical psychologists. Rorschachiana Japonica was first published in 1958 through 1975, by the Rorschach research group in Tokyo, presided by Yasushi Kataguchi. The journal served 37 issues for developing and spreading research on the Rorschach.

The idea of founding the Japanese Society for the Rorschach and Projective Method had been planned for a number of years. We discussed this idea in an extensive editorial board meeting of the Journal of the Japanese Society for the Rorschach and Projective Method, which was held at the same time as the Rorschach symposium ‘95 in Nagoya in 1995. In the board meeting, the foundation of the JSRPM was approved. We intended to learn various Rorschach techniques and to contribute to spreading the Rorschach, promote research, and apply the Rorschach technique to various problems in the clinic. We also hoped that our members would actively participate in the International Congress of the Rorschach and Projective Methods. Researchers from other countries participate in international meetings together as a society. However, Japanese researchers participate at meetings only as individuals, which highlight a relative delay related to conference participation among Japanese researches.

The inaugural meeting for the establishment of the JSRPM was held in Kanazawa in 1997, which was followed by its first general meeting that was held in place of the Rorschach symposium ‘97. The activities of the JSRPM include the publication of the Journal of the Japanese Society for the Rorschach and Projective Methods, as well as holding workshops and meetings, such as the Congress of the Japanese Society for the Rorschach and Projective Methods and the Annual General Meetings of the Japanese Society for the Rorschach and Projective Methods. We welcome scholars that have been involved in Rorschach and other projective methods, as well as those that plan to be engaged in such methods in the future, in relation to clinical psychology. We sincerely appreciate your interest and hope that you will become a member of the Japanese Society for the Rorschach and Projective Methods.

September 1st, 1996
The founders of the Japanese Society for the Rorschach and Projective Methods

IV. The Constitution of the Japanese Society
for the Rorschach and Projective Methods

Chapter 1: Name and Secretariat

Article 1. The name of the society is “Japanese Society for Rorschach and Projective Methods”, henceforth referred to as “The Society”.

Article 2. The secretariat of the society is temporarily placed in the Information and Multimedia Center, University of Gifu (1-1 Yanagido, Gifu-shi Gifu-ken, 501-1193, Japan).

Chapter 2: Objectives and Activities

Article 3. The objectives of the society are to develop psychological research and clinical activities using Rorschach and other projective methods, to exchange information among members, and to improve skills and abilities of the members.

Article 4. The society undertakes the following activities to achieve these objectives:

1. Holding meetings, such as The Congress of the Japanese Society for Rorschach and Projective Methods, to develop clinical and research activities of members.
2. Holding meetings such as The Annual General Meeting of the Japanese Society for Rorschach and Projective Methods, to discuss the management of the society
3. Conducting activities, such as holding workshops, to improve skills and abilities of members.
4. Conducting activities to cultivate mutual friendships, and to exchange information among members.
5. Publication of “Rorschachiana Japonica”, Member’s Lists, and academic publications.
6. Conducting other activities necessary for the management of the society.

Chapter 3: Members

Article 5. The members of the society consist of formal members and supporting members.

1. Formal members are individuals who agree with the objectives of the society and who have paid the predetermined entrance and membership fees. Those wishing to obtain membership of the society must be recommended by a member and be approved by the standing committee of the society.
2. Supporting members are individuals, corporations, or groups, which agree with the objectives of the society and have paid the predetermined membership fees. Before becoming a supporting member of the society, a person must submit an application and be approved by the standing committee of the society.

Article 6. When members conduct research and publish data obtained by the application of Rorschach and related methods, they must take into consideration clinical morals, as well as the human rights of subjects. They must also endeavor to safeguard Rorschach and related methods.

Article 7. Members can be disqualified from the society for the following reasons.

1. Withdrawal
Members who want to withdraw from the society must give notice of withdrawal, stating their reasons for withdrawing.
2. Spontaneous withdrawal
When members fail to pay their membership fees for over 2 years, in spite of reminders from the secretariat, it will be regarded that the member has withdrawn his membership from the society. Members can be readmitted to the society only after all arrears have been paid in full.
3. Dismissal from membership
If members bring the good name of the society into disrepute, or acts against the objectives of the society, the president can dismiss the member from the society, through the decision of the general council. However, the member is entitled to lodge an objection against the decision.
4. Death.

Chapter 4: Constitution and Management

Article 8. Officials

1. Delegates: Up to 20 persons
2. Auditors: 2 persons

Article 9. The members will select the delegates and auditors through elections. The electoral procedure is described in a separate section.

Article 10. From among the delegates, the president and five executive directors of the society (6 persons) will be elected by popular vote. The board of delegates must approve the appointment of the president. The president will then appoint an additional executive director. The president represents the society and it is the duty of the executive directors to assist the president.

Article 11. The delegates of the society organize the board of delegates and manage the society. The board of delegates selects a person who will be entrusted with the management of the annual congress.

Article 12. Delegates are expected to act as members of the editorial staff of “Rorschachiana Japonica”, two executive directors and three delegates will be appointed as permanent editorial staff.

Article 13. The auditors audit the accounts of the society.

Article 14. Term of office for an official of the society is three years. The same person cannot serve as the president continuously for more than six years.

Article 15. The secretariat performs the business matters of the society. The secretariat will appoint several secretaries and several part-time employees.

Article 16. All of the officials are unpaid. However, part-time employees can be paid.

Chapter 5: Membership Fees and Accounts

Article 17. The income of this society will be collected from the following sources:

1. Entrance fees
2. Membership fees
3. Business income
4. Charitable contributions.

Article 18. The entrance fee of the society is 4000 yen (supporting members are exempted). The annual membership fee is 6000 yen for formal members; in addition, supporting members must purchase at least one share (30000 yen per share). Members will receive the society journal “Rorschachiana Japonica” free of charge.

Article 19. The statement of income and expenditure of this society must be audited by the treasurers and must be approved at the annual general meeting.

Article 20. The fiscal year of the society starts on April 1, and ends on March 31 of the following year.

Chapter 6: Supplementary Rules

Article 21. In order to specify business and management of this society, detailed rules are laid down separately.

Article 22. Changes of the constitution are discussed by the board of delegates, presented to the general meeting, and carried out with the consent of more than 2/3 of those present at the general meeting. Changes of the detailed rules of this society are discussed by the board of delegates, presented to the general meeting, and carried out with the consent of the majority of those present at the general meeting.

Amendment 1
These rules become effective on November 15, 1998.

Amendment 2
Regardless of the regulations of Article 9, until the officials are decided by the first election, we will select directors and treasurers from among the promoters of the society.

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